Did you know that alot of the earthworms in Canada are not native? Earthworms in Canada have all been introduced (with the exception of some species that survived in glacial refugia in mainland British Columbia and the Queen Charlotte Islands Hence, in the rest of Canada, earthworms were introduced in the past 200-400 years.
Earthworms are present in almost every type of soil but the healthier the soil the greater the numbers. A healthy soil permits lots of air and moisture, both of which are needed by the earthworm for a continued existence. Earthworms have no lungs like you or me but instead breathe through their skin. The basic ones that you are going to have are Nightcrawlers: 8 to 10 inches long and the fisherman’s favourite, Garden Worms: 5 to 7 inches long and found commonly in damp soils, Manure Worms: 4 to 5 inches long and found in manure rich soils, Red Wrigglers: 3 to 4 inches long and the most commercially available.
I am working on potato beds today as I have 17 pds of Seed potato’s ready to go in, with more coming in the next while and I also wanted to get my first batch of Green Multipliier Onions in, the ones that were overwintered are up already, but I like to stagger plant these guys every two weeks or so during spring as we eat alot of them. So I needed to finish clearing off the area in the row, and after handpulling the basic’s I wante to give it a rake to loosen the soil and on my first pull, I flipped the soil and had to take a picture.. so how many do you count? I counted seven worms in that first pull and there had to be at least 30 in that 3 by 3 sqaure feet of garden when I worked it..
How about these wonderful little guys? I’m so excited to see them up, they will fill a 5 by 5 foot patch for my fresh eating , but I will have even more growing to collect and dry jars worth for winter use. Did you guess Stinging Nettle?